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Corruption, Grabbing and Development

Telecharger pdf Corruption, Grabbing and Development

The book\'s sixteen case studies explore why certain practices constitute forms of grabbing, what implications they have for the achievement of development ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1782544410
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 232
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 888
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Détails: The book's sixteen case studies explore why certain practices constitute forms of grabbing, what implications they have for the achievement of development goals, and how policy options should take the characteristics of grabbing into account.


Corruption, Natural Resources and Development

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This book provides a fresh and extensive discussion of corruption issues in natural resources sectors. Reflecting on recent debates in corruption research ...

  • L'auteur : Aled Williams,Philippe Le Billon
  • Editeur: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1785361201
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: 192
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1303
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Détails: This book provides a fresh and extensive discussion of corruption issues in natural resources sectors. Reflecting on recent debates in corruption research and revisiting resource curse challenges in light of political ecology approaches, this volume provides a series of nuanced and policy-relevant case studies analyzing patterns of corruption around natural resources and options to reach anti-corruption goals. The potential for new variations of the resource curse in the forest and urban land sectors and the effectiveness of anti-corruption policies in resource sectors are considered in depth. Corruption in oil, gas, mining, fisheries, biofuel, wildlife, forestry and urban land are all covered, and potential solutions discussed.


Corruption, Natural Resources and Development

Telecharger pdf Corruption, Natural Resources and Development

This book provides a fresh and extensive discussion of corruption issues in natural resources sectors. Reflecting on recent debates in corruption research ...

  • L'auteur : Aled Williams,Philippe Le Billon
  • Editeur: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1785361201
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: 192
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1511
  • Telecharger: 1511
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Détails: This book provides a fresh and extensive discussion of corruption issues in natural resources sectors. Reflecting on recent debates in corruption research and revisiting resource curse challenges in light of political ecology approaches, this volume provides a series of nuanced and policy-relevant case studies analyzing patterns of corruption around natural resources and options to reach anti-corruption goals. The potential for new variations of the resource curse in the forest and urban land sectors and the effectiveness of anti-corruption policies in resource sectors are considered in depth. Corruption in oil, gas, mining, fisheries, biofuel, wildlife, forestry and urban land are all covered, and potential solutions discussed.


Consequences of Corruption at the Sector Level and Implications for Economic Growth and Development

Telecharger pdf Consequences of Corruption at the Sector Level and Implications for Economic Growth and Development

This report provides an analysis of the impact of a range of corrupt practices on economic growth and development in four key sectors: utilities and infras ...

  • L'auteur : OECD
  • Editeur: OECD Publishing
  • ISBN: 9264230785
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: 164
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 723
  • Telecharger: 723
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Détails: This report provides an analysis of the impact of a range of corrupt practices on economic growth and development in four key sectors: utilities and infrastructure, extractive industries, health and education.


Drivers of Corruption

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This report provides an overview of arguments explaining the risk of corruption. Corrupt acts are subject to decision making authority and assets available ...

  • L'auteur : Tina Søreide
  • Editeur: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 1464804028
  • Genre: Law
  • Nombre de pages: 92
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 602
  • Telecharger: 602
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Détails: This report provides an overview of arguments explaining the risk of corruption. Corrupt acts are subject to decision making authority and assets available for grabbing. These assets can be stolen, created by artificial shortage, or become available as the result of a market failure. Assets that are especially exposed to corruption include profits from the private sector, revenues from the export of natural resources, aid and loans, and the proceeds of crime. Whether or not opportunities for corruption are exploited depends on the individuals involved, the institution or society they are part of, and the law enforcement circumstances. Corruption usually persists in situations in which players are aware of the facts but nonetheless condone the practice. Absence of reaction can result from information asymmetries (in which the people who are supposed to act are not aware of the need to act), coordination failure, patronage-determined loyalty, and incentive problems at the political level. This review of results and insights from different parts of the scholarly literature on corruption focuses on areas where research can guide anticorruption policy. The report also describes a number of corruption-related challenges in need of more attention from researchers.


Greed, Corruption, and the Modern State

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What makes the control of corruption so difficult and contested? Drawing on the insights of political science, economics and law, the expert contributors t ...

  • L'auteur : Susan Rose-Ackerman,Paul Lagunes
  • Editeur: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1784714704
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 384
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1622
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Détails: What makes the control of corruption so difficult and contested? Drawing on the insights of political science, economics and law, the expert contributors to this book offer diverse perspectives. One group of chapters explores the nature of corruption in democracies and autocracies, and “reforms” that are mere facades. Other contributions examine corruption in infrastructure, tax collection, cross-border trade, and military procurement. Case studies from various regions – such as China, Peru, South Africa and New York City – anchor the analysis with real-world situations. The book pays particular attention to corruption involving international business and the domestic regulation of foreign bribery.


Corruption and Criminal Justice

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Criminal law efficiency is a concept often referred to but seldom defined. Clarity, the author argues, is necessary for finding practical solutions to fund ...

  • L'auteur : Tina Søreide
  • Editeur: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1784715980
  • Genre: Law
  • Nombre de pages: 288
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1067
  • Telecharger: 1067
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Détails: Criminal law efficiency is a concept often referred to but seldom defined. Clarity, the author argues, is necessary for finding practical solutions to fundamental challenges in this area of law, especially with the criminal justice system itself at risk. Tina Søreide offers views in contrast to mainstream ideas on optimal criminal law responses to corruption, with emphasis on the fundamental role of the criminal justice system in the fight against corruption, and the effect this can have on other mechanisms in society. Her analysis explains the concept of criminal law efficiency through economic approaches and why many criminal law responses to corruption are at risk of becoming ‘façade strategies’ that may, in fact facilitate corruption. Corruption and Criminal Justice offers insights into the obstacles that policymakers and government advisors cannot ignore. It serves as an invaluable resource for advanced students and academics interested in law, economics, and large corporations.


Corruption and Constitutionalism in Africa

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This collection of essays to focuses on the critical issue of corruption that lies at the heart of the crisis of constitutionalism in Africa. Most anti-cor ...

  • L'auteur : Charles M. Fombad,Nico Steytler
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019259768X
  • Genre: Law
  • Nombre de pages: 560
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1887
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Détails: This collection of essays to focuses on the critical issue of corruption that lies at the heart of the crisis of constitutionalism in Africa. Most anti-corruption measures over the years have been inadequate, serving merely as symbolic gestures to give the impression something is being done. The African Union's declaration of 2018 as the 'African anti-corruption year', belated though it be, is an open recognition by African governments of the impact corruption will have on the continent unless urgent steps are taken. The key objective of this volume is to draw attention to the problem of corruption, the complexity of the situation, with all its multi-faceted social, political, economic and legal dimensions, and the need for remedial action.


Corruption in Argentina

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The book provides an institutional, historical, and sectorial analysis of Argentina’s structural corruption. Looking back over the last 200 years, the bo ...

  • L'auteur : Natalia A. Volosin
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000649903
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 228
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1731
  • Telecharger: 1731
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Détails: The book provides an institutional, historical, and sectorial analysis of Argentina’s structural corruption. Looking back over the last 200 years, the book demonstrates that Argentina has historically addressed corruption through ineffective debates between public-private biases or a cultural-criminal approach reinforced by modernization theory, neither of which have helped tackle the problem. Instead, Volosin proposes meaningful institutional reforms to reduce opportunities for corruption and to increase monitoring incentives and capabilities. The book argues that political economy hindrances for reform are as significant as reform itself and shows that in times of crisis or scandal, the need to move quickly to satisfy citizen demands forces politicians to promote unplanned changes that lack real teeth. Moreover, the machine’s reach over most public and private actors precludes regime-undermining reform, which is precisely what is needed to meaningfully attack entrenched structural corruption. In order to combat serious deficits in the public procurement regime, Volosin recommends a micro-sectorial analysis of government procurement, supported by an innovative human rights strategy to help measure and disclose corruption’s hidden social cost, raise awareness, integrate vulnerability criteria into the fight against corruption, and employ local, regional, and international litigation and monitoring tools to compel the political branches to perform structural change. This innovative exploration into corruption in Argentina will be of interest to researchers working on public policy, administrative law, anticorruption studies, law and development, and governance both in Argentina, and beyond.


Public Procurement, Corruption and the Crisis of Governance in Africa

Telecharger pdf Public Procurement, Corruption and the Crisis of Governance in Africa

This book establishes a nexus between corruption in public procurement and the prevailing crisis of governance in Africa. The African continent is characte ...

  • L'auteur : Nirmala Dorasamy,Omololu Fagbadebo
  • Editeur: Springer Nature
  • ISBN: 303063857X
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 310
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1736
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Détails: This book establishes a nexus between corruption in public procurement and the prevailing crisis of governance in Africa. The African continent is characterised by the growing concern for the deteriorating human security. In the midst of these woes, African political leaders are known for their stupendous wealth and riches through expropriation of national resources for personal benefits. This growing inequality in the continent has become a major driver for a series of violent and criminal activities, which have added to the worsening governance crisis. Thus, the abuse of public power for advancing private gain constitutes an impediment to effective public service delivery, thereby engendering a crisis of governance. The consequence of this is not limited to the socio-economic growth and welfare of citizens, but it often also jeopardizes the democratic credentials and objectives of the state.


Research Handbook on Corporate Crime and Financial Misdealing

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Jennifer Arlen brings together 13 original chapters by leading scholars that examine how to deter corporate misconduct through public enforcement and priva ...

  • L'auteur : Jennifer Arlen
  • Editeur: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1783474475
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: 392
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1146
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Détails: Jennifer Arlen brings together 13 original chapters by leading scholars that examine how to deter corporate misconduct through public enforcement and private interventions. Scholars from a variety of disciplines present both theoretical and empirical analyses of organizational and individual liability for corporate crime, liability for foreign corruption, securities fraud enforcement, compliance, corporate investigations, and whistleblowing. This Research Handbook also highlights promising avenues for future research.


Corruption, Infrastructure Management and Public–Private Partnership

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Public–Private Partnerships (PPP or 3Ps) allow the public sector to seek alternative funding and expertise from the private sector during procurement pro ...

  • L'auteur : Mohammad Heydari,Kin Keung Lai,Zhou Xiaohu
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 100046587X
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Nombre de pages: 264
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1469
  • Telecharger: 1469
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Détails: Public–Private Partnerships (PPP or 3Ps) allow the public sector to seek alternative funding and expertise from the private sector during procurement processes. Such partnerships, if executed with due diligence, often benefit the public immensely. Unfortunately, Public–Private Partnerships can be vulnerable to corruption. This book looks at what measures we can put in place to check corruption during procurement and what good governance strategies the public sector can adopt to improve the performance of 3Ps. The book applies mathematical models to analyze 3Ps. It uses game theory to study the interaction and dynamics between the stakeholders and suggests strategies to reduce corruption risks in various 3Ps stages. The authors explain through game theory-based simulation how governments can adopt a evaluating process at the start of each procurement to weed out undesirable private partners and why the government should take a more proactive approach. Using a methodological framework rooted in mathematical models to illustrate how we can combat institutional corruption, this book is a helpful reference for anyone interested in public policymaking and public infrastructure management.


The Eye and the Whip

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In order for transparency measures to fight corruption, they must be paired with enforcement. Levels of corruption vary greatly around the world, with cert ...

  • L'auteur : Paul Lagunes
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0197577644
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: N.A
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 490
  • Telecharger: 490
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Détails: In order for transparency measures to fight corruption, they must be paired with enforcement. Levels of corruption vary greatly around the world, with certain regions suffering from it more than others. Why is it pervasive in some countries, how does it weaken critical regulations, and why is it so hard to root out? In The Eye and the Whip, Paul Lagunes applies field experiments to analyze corruption in three countries: Mexico, Peru, and the United States of America. He begins by stressing that vulnerabilities to corruption exist where government officials hold power over both the provision of goods and the imposition of costs. Vulnerabilities turn to actual threats when officials calculate that the benefits of abusing their power are greater than the penalties associated with getting caught. Therefore, controlling corruption requires increasing the probability of detecting malfeasance through enhanced monitoring - what Lagunes calls "the eye" - and then applying the appropriate penalty in response to wrongdoing-what he calls "the whip." However, in the places where he conducts extensive fieldwork, which include a city in central Mexico, urban districts in Peru, and two boroughs in New York City, the common policy response to corruption typically emphasizes only the first of the two mechanisms. From bribes extracted for public works contracts to property tax evasion, corruption in these and other areas will persist as long as the authorities are unwilling to impose serious penalties after becoming aware of the problem. After examining how corrupt transactions unfold and why corruption appears immune to transparency, Lagunes leverages local collaborations to test a series of approaches that help promote accountability. Offering rigorous, evidence-based recommendations for improving public administration, The Eye and the Whip will be essential reading for anyone searching for effective tools to battle this age-old scourge.


Anti-Corruption Strategies in Fragile States

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Aid agencies increasingly consider anti-corruption activities important for economic development and poverty reduction in developing countries. In the firs ...

  • L'auteur : Jesper Johnsøn
  • Editeur: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1784719714
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: 288
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1283
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Détails: Aid agencies increasingly consider anti-corruption activities important for economic development and poverty reduction in developing countries. In the first major comparative study of work by the World Bank, the European Commission and the UNDP to help governments in fragile states counter corruption, Jesper Johnsøn finds significant variance in strategic direction and common failures in implementation.


Global Corruption from a Geographic Perspective

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This monograph explores the nature of corruption around the world from a geographic perspective. It focuses on historical context and cultural factors. Rea ...

  • L'auteur : Barney Warf
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 303003478X
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 243
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 428
  • Telecharger: 428
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Détails: This monograph explores the nature of corruption around the world from a geographic perspective. It focuses on historical context and cultural factors. Readers will learn that though corruption is pervasive, geography greatly shapes its character. This book will offer a better understanding of the level of corrupt activity in any given country. The book analyzes an array of countries and regions. Coverage ranges from democratic societies, where corruption is low due to high rates of literacy and a free press, to the most corrupt places, where centralized power structures and lack of a free media allow corruption to unfold unimpeded. Anti-corruption campaigns and their effectiveness are also reflected upon. In addition to data from Transparency International, the text examines relevant political events. In each case, the analysis focuses on the major actors and institutions involved; the cultural norms that often regard corruption as a normal part of doing business; and the attempts by foreign and domestic actors to minimize corruption. This book will help readers better understand the causes and consequences of corruption, as well as its type and severity varies widely across the planet. It will appeal to students, researchers, policy makers, and interested general readers.


State, Land and Democracy in Southern Africa

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Each country in southern Africa has a unique history but in all of them socio-economic inequalities and high poverty levels weaken the governments’ legit ...

  • L'auteur : Arrigo Pallotti,Corrado Tornimbeni
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317050320
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 208
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 996
  • Telecharger: 996
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Détails: Each country in southern Africa has a unique history but in all of them socio-economic inequalities and high poverty levels weaken the governments’ legitimacy and represent a challenge to models of economic development. One key issue appears to be the solution of the land question. This vital concern affects both citizenship and democracy in the political systems of the region, yet no government has shown the capacity or commitment to solve it. In this volume leading European, American and African scholars explore in detail the relationship between state, land and democracy. They examine the historical background of asset allocation and its impact on questions of nationality, the definition of citizenship, human rights and the current political and economic processes in southern Africa.


Research Handbook on International Financial Crime

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A significant proportion of serious crime is economically motivated. Almost all financial crimes will be either motivated by greed, or the desire to cover ...

  • L'auteur : Barry Rider
  • Editeur: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 178347579X
  • Genre: Law
  • Nombre de pages: 864
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 873
  • Telecharger: 873
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Détails: A significant proportion of serious crime is economically motivated. Almost all financial crimes will be either motivated by greed, or the desire to cover up misconduct. This Handbook addresses financial crimes such as fraud, corruption and money laundering, and highlights both the risks presented by these crimes, as well as their impact on the economy. The contributors cover the practical issues on the topic on a transnational level, both in terms of the crimes and the steps taken to control them. They place an emphasis on the prevention, disruption and control of financial crime. They discuss, in eight parts, the nature and characteristics of economic and financial crime, The enterprise of crime, business crime, the financial sector at risk, fraud, corruption, The proceeds of financial and economic crime, and enforcement and control. Academics interested in criminology, law, as well as business and legal studies students will find this book to be an invaluable resource. Practitioners, including lawyers, compliance and risk managements, law enforcement officers, and policy makers will also find the points raised to be of use.


Research Handbook on REDD-Plus and International Law

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REDD+ (Reducing Emissions of greenhouse gases from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) is an important tool under the UNFCCC for incentivizing developing ...

  • L'auteur : Christina Voigt
  • Editeur: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1783478314
  • Genre: LAW
  • Nombre de pages: 512
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1654
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Détails: REDD+ (Reducing Emissions of greenhouse gases from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) is an important tool under the UNFCCC for incentivizing developing countries to adopt and scale up climate mitigation actions in the forest sector and for capturing and channeling the financial resources to do so. This Handbook eloquently examines the methodological guidance and emerging governance arrangements for REDD+, analysing how and to what extent it is embedded in the international legal framework. Organized coherently into five parts, contributions from legal experts, international relations scholars, climate change negotiators and activists explore the history and design of REDD+ in the UN climate regime, as well as linkages between REDD+ and other international agreements. The book also considers global governance for REDD+, its financial dimensions including markets and investment and future developments and legal challenges. Detailed analysis from a range of angles illustrates the interplay of international norms and institutions and maps out a legal research agenda for identifying best practice solutions. Shedding light on one of the most vibrant and fast-moving fields in international law, this comprehensive Handbook is essential reading for scholars of international law and international relations, policy makers in the area of climate change, REDD+ and land sector experts and NGOs.


The Illicit and Illegal in Regional and Urban Governance and Development

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Discussions of the illicit and the illegal have tended to be somewhat restricted in their disciplinary range, to date, and have been largely confined to th ...

  • L'auteur : Francesco Chiodelli,Tim Hall,Ray Hudson
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315317648
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Nombre de pages: 280
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1687
  • Telecharger: 1687
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Détails: Discussions of the illicit and the illegal have tended to be somewhat restricted in their disciplinary range, to date, and have been largely confined to the literatures of anthropology, criminology, policing and, to an extent, political science. However, these debates have impinged little on cognate literatures, not least those of urban and regional studies which remain almost entirely undisturbed by such issues. This volume aims to open up debates across a range of cognate disciplines. The Illicit and Illegal in Regional and Urban Governance and Development is a multidisciplinary volume that aims to open up these debates, extending them empirically and questioning the dominant discussions of governance and development that have been rooted largely or entirely in the realm of licit and legal actors. The book investigates these issues with reference to a variety of different geographical contexts, including, but not limited to, places traditionally considered to be associated with illegal activities and extensive illicit markets, such as some regions in the so-called Global South. The chapters consider the ways in which these questions deeply affect the daily lives of several cities and regions in some advanced countries. Their comparative perspectives will demonstrate that the illicit and the illegal are an underappreciated structural aspect of current urban and regional governance and development across the globe. The book is an edited collection of research-informed essays, which will primarily be of interest to those taking advanced undergraduate and taught postgraduate courses in human geography, urban and regional planning and a range of social science disciplines that have an interest in urban and regional issues and issues related to crime and corruption.


Diagnosing Corruption in Ethiopia

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This is a study of the nature of corruption in Ethiopia. It maps eight key sectors. The diagnostics strongly suggest that, in Ethiopia, corrupt practice in ...

  • L'auteur : Janelle Plummer
  • Editeur: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 0821395327
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Nombre de pages: 444
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1441
  • Telecharger: 1441
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Détails: This is a study of the nature of corruption in Ethiopia. It maps eight key sectors. The diagnostics strongly suggest that, in Ethiopia, corrupt practice in the delivery of basic services is potentially much lower than other low-income countries, but that there are emerging patterns in sector level corruption.


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